Schizophrenia is a severe disorder which affects how people think, feel and act, like bipolar disorder. These people have difficulty in distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; may be unresponsive or withdrawn, have difficulty to express normal emotions in social situations. This behavior causes symptoms like mania, depression, and psychosis.
It is not related to split or multiple personalities. The vast majority of people with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a danger to others. It is not caused by childhood experiences, poor parenting or lack of willpower, nor are the symptoms identical for each person.
Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder that affects about one percent of the population. Active schizophrenia may develop delusions, hallucinations, trouble with thinking and concentration, and lack of motivation. It may also be triggered by environmental events, such as viral infections or immune disorders.
The signs of schizophrenia are different for everyone. Symptoms may develop slowly over months or years or may appear very abruptly. The disease may come and go in cycles of relapse and remission.
Social difficulties are one of the hallmarks of schizophrenia. Negative symptoms can make picking up on social cues challenging, which, further complicated by competing stimuli from positive symptoms, can make conversations more difficult, particularly with people who don’t know much about schizophrenia and the mental health recovery process. AIso, some people feel isolated because they are aware that others do not share their hallucinations or delusions.
Usually, any physical health is related to the mental health because as a rule, good health and longevity are found among individuals who are calm, orderly and patient. These are people who follow a regular pattern of life, not allowing themselves to be overrun by the whirling of society, and who are not claimed simultaneously by a multiplicity of demands.
Like any other illness, schizophrenia can often have a profoundly negative effect on a person’s life, on their families and their communities if not addressed. Suicide is a serious risk for those with schizophrenia, occurring at a much higher rate than the general population. However, this chance can be highly reduced through the use of medication, psychiatric rehabilitation, and mental health recovery-oriented services.
Scientists believe that people with schizophrenia have an imbalance of the brain chemicals or neurotransmitters such as dopamine, glutamate, and serotonin. These neurotransmitters allow nerve cells in the brain to send messages to each other.
The imbalance of these chemicals affects the way a person’s brain reacts to stimuli, which explains why a person with schizophrenia may be overwhelmed by sensory information such as loud music or bright lights, situations in which other people can easily handle. This difficulty in processing different sounds, sights, smells, and tastes can also lead to hallucinations or delusions.
Since a deficiency in physical health, is mostly related to the lack of mental health, that means that most diseases are originated in the weakening of the mind which, depressed and discouraged, fails to convey to the body the vitality which emerges from energy. Joy is contagious. It invigorates blood circulation, conveys warmth to the body, enlivens and strengthens it, preserves good health, prolongs life. A good-humored individual reflects joy and self-confidence, and he is bound to enjoy good health. Melancholy, on the other hand, is self-contained. It slows down circulation, takes heat away from the body, depresses and weakens it, ruins health, shortens ones’ lifespan.
Because the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, treatments focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Medical solutions often used to help control the symptoms of schizophrenia through the use of Thorazine, Mellaril, Rexulti, and others, contribute to reduce the biochemical imbalances that cause schizophrenia and decrease the likelihood of relapse.
The soul’s emotions, its depression, and discouragement, resulting from the numerous and lasting difficulties of daily life, are predisposing causes of physical diseases due to the state of weakness and lack of energy of the body to react against the environment. In this category are included agents such as physical, moral, or social, capable of changing the physical health, and destroying the balance of a human being.
Since a good mental and physical health depends on a balanced life, then everyone should plan their work intelligently so that each task may be carried out at the right moment. Work, recreation, and rest are three equally important prerequisites of physical and spiritual well-being. Everyone should follow a timetable that best suits his conveniences and the demands of work but should not neglect rest and recreation. Only in this way will he find pleasure in work, benefit in rest and joy in entertainment. These factors will contribute to his good health and well-being. Also, the control of thoughts is essential to maintain both your mental and physical health.
One of the best contributions to live well consists in avoiding thoughts that cause nervousness and bring about irritation, intolerance, thoughtlessness, and recklessness, which lead to deplorable psychic conditions and thus bad physical health. Therefore, agitation needs to be kept under strict control because it is among all agents of disturbance. Also, as a rule, people with neuroses take little care of their health and make no effort to overcome their impulses. As a result, they frequently fall under the deceitful traps of the mind.
Living with mental illness means living within a society and all its specific cultural, economic and political factors. In addition to competent mental health care, people living with schizophrenia need strong social supports. Individuals and families should work together to create the best environment to management recovery.
People with schizophrenia can find a sense of accomplishment and independence from working. Besides, it improves social skills rather than isolating an individual in need of mental health help, which tends to exacerbate negative symptoms.
For this mental disorder, spirituality can be a source of comfort and strength during the schizophrenia treatment process. The most supportive congregations will be those that are aware of the medical nature and treatments for mental illness or are open to learning about them. People living with schizophrenia indicated that faith-based support was a top need and benefit in managing mental health recovery.
Due to all these levels on which the fight to regain well-being is valuable, family members often find it helpful to keep a journal of all medications, medical visits, treatments and legal actions they have undertaken. Having this information handy is useful when switching providers or dealing with a crisis. For all of these reasons, family members should seek education and support for their own needs from groups specially designed for families.
Because the illness may cause unusual, inappropriate and sometimes unpredictable and disorganized behavior, people not adequately treated are often shunned and the targets of social prejudice. Along with medication, psychosocial rehabilitation and other community-based support can help those with schizophrenia go on to lead meaningful and satisfying lives.
Families who face schizophrenia can offer strong support to their loved one and help to reduce the likelihood of relapse. The key is to be in tune with what the person who needs mental health help is open to at any given time. Empathizing with someone’s distress or success is more likely to foster more positive outcomes and help in the mental health recovery process.